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佘家为大明抗清将领袁崇焕守祠385年

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年07月24日 00:05:29
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(  “我)(不)(再)(考)(虑)(袁)(祠)(接)(班)(人)(的)(事)(”佘)(家)(守)(袁)(祠)(385年)(第)(十)(七)(代)(守)(墓)(人)(佘)(幼)(芝)(女)(儿)(不)(答)(应)(接)(班)(堂)(兄)(也)(决)(定)(不)(继)(承)(去)(世)(的)(儿)(子)(葬)(在)(袁)(崇)(焕)(老)(家)(--
  今)(年)(是)(大)(明)(朝)(抗)(清)(将)(领)(袁)(崇)(焕)(被)(冤)(杀)(385周)(年)(,也)(是)(佘)(家)(第)(十)(七)(代)(--佘)(幼)(芝)(老)(人)(为)(其)(守)(墓)(的)(第)(45年)(。
  如)(今)(坐)(落)(在)(北)(京)(广)(渠)(门)(内)(东)(花)(市)(斜)(街)(52号)(院)(的)(袁)(祠)(正)(接)(受)(着)(各)(地)(前)(来)(拜)(谒)(的)(人)(们)(,而)(佘)(幼)(芝)(老)(人)(正)(面)(对)(着)("后)(继)(无)(人)("的)(尴)(尬)(现)(实)(--儿)(子)(去)(世)(,又)(不)(想)(强)(迫)(女)(儿)(,堂)(哥)(也)(表)(示)(不)(再)(守)(墓)(。
  不)(过)(,老)(人)(表)(示)(已)(经)(不)(再)(考)(虑)(第)(十)(八)(代)(接)(班)(人)(的)(事)(儿)(了)(:儿)(子)(的)(骨)(灰)(安)(放)(在)(袁)(崇)(焕)(老)(家)(的)(衣)(冠)(冢)(旁)(,永)(远)(守)(墓)(下)(去)(。
  老)(人)(从)(去)(年)(3月)(起)(已)(经)(行)(动)(不)(便)(,坐)(上)(了)(轮)(椅)(,但)(依)(然)(在)(尽)(着)(最)(后)(的)(值)(守)(:"等)(我)(身)(体)(好)(了)(,我)(还)(会)(像)(从)(前)(一)(样)(,回)(到)(袁)(祠)(,继)(续)(守)(墓)(。"
  "守)(墓)(是)(什)(么)(?是)(形)(影)(不)(离)(,是)(把)(亡)(人)(这)(种)(精)(神)(宣)(传)(给)(国)(人)(,这)(才)(是)(守)(墓)(。"佘)(幼)(芝)(说)(,守)(墓)(是)(她)(最)(后)(的)(使)(命)(、遗)(产)(。
  老)(人)(患)(病)(已)(经)(坐)(上)(轮)(椅)(
  现)(年)(76岁)(的)(佘)(幼)(芝)(老)(人)(是)(袁)(崇)(焕)(祠)(的)(第)(十)(七)(代)(守)(墓)(人)(,而)(整)(个)(佘)(氏)(家)(族)(已)(经)(为)(袁)(将)(军)(守)(墓)(整)(整)(385年)(。
  时)(光)(飞)(逝)(,45年)(来)(,她)(从)(一)(个)(身)(体)(健)(硕)(的)(年)(轻)(人)(守)(成)(了)(两)(鬓)(斑)(白)(的)(老)(妪)(。
  由)(于)(患)(有)(髌)(骨)(关)(节)(炎)(、半)(月)(板)(损)(伤)(和)(腰)(椎)(、颈)(椎)(等)(问)(题)(,老)(人)(从)(去)(年)(3月)(起)(,已)(经)(行)(动)(不)(便)(,坐)(上)(了)(轮)(椅)(。
  而)(在)(从)(前)(,她)(是)(多)(能)(跑)(啊)(,以)(至)(于)(有)(人)(骂)(她)("佘)(疯)(子)("。
  从)(她)(1970年)(开)(始)(守)(墓)(到)(2002年)(,佘)(幼)(芝)(一)(直)(在)(为)(修)(复)(被)(破)(坏)(的)(袁)(祠)(和)(继)(承)(家)(族)(的)(使)(命)(而)(努)(力)(。
  她)(已)(记)(不)(清)(跑)(过)(多)(少)(个)(文)(物)(保)(护)(单)(位)(,接)(待)(过)(多)(少)(个)(来)(访)(的)(人)(。她)(只)(记)(得)(,当)(她)(还)(是)(个)(小)(女)(孩)(的)(时)(候)(,家)(族)(的)(长)(辈)(们)(就)(在)(为)(袁)(崇)(焕)(将)(军)(守)(墓)(的)(事)(业)(忙)(碌)(,直)(到)(她)(成)(为)(佘)(家)(第)(十)(七)(代)(接)(班)(人)(。而)(在)(那)(之)(前)(,她)(只)(是)(个)(平)(凡)(的)(家)(庭)(妇)(女)(。
  先)(人)(为)(守)(墓)(留)(下)(三)(祖)(训)(
  从)(小)(喜)(欢)(历)(史)(的)(佘)(幼)(芝)(对)(袁)(大)(将)(军)(的)(英)(雄)(事)(迹)(,如)(数)(家)(珍)(。
  袁)(崇)(焕)(作)(为)(边)(关)(统)(帅)(,曾)(为)(大)(明)(朝)(立)(下)(赫)(赫)(战)(功)(,却)(因)(被)(诬)(陷)(勾)(结)(后)(金)(谋)(反)(叛)(国)(而)(被)(判)(处)("磔)(刑)("。
  所)(谓)("磔)(刑)(",是)(将)(犯)(人)(身)(上)(的)(肉)(一)(刀)(一)(刀)(割)(下)(来)(的)(一)(种)(酷)(刑)(。明)(朝)(期)(间)(,此)(种)(酷)(刑)(达)(到)(登)(峰)(造)(极)(的)(地)(步)(,要)(连)(剐)(三)(千)(六)(百)(刀)(。
  根)(据)(历)(史)(记)(载)(,行)(刑)(时)(,人)(们)(争)(相)(购)(买)(袁)(崇)(焕)(身)(上)(的)(碎)(肉)(,一)(边)(痛)(骂)(,一)(边)(当)(场)(吞)(食)(。片)(刻)(之)(间)(,袁)(崇)(焕)(只)(剩)(下)(一)(颗)(血)(肉)(模)(糊)(的)(头)(颅)(,被)(刽)(子)(手)(挂)(在)(刑)(场)(旁)(边)(的)(旗)(杆)(上)(。然)(而)(,当)(天)(晚)(上)(,袁)(崇)(焕)(的)(头)(颅)(却)(不)(见)(了)(。
  直)(到)(清)(乾)(隆)(年)(间)(,袁)(崇)(焕)(的)(冤)(案)(才)(得)(以)(平)(反)(。经)(明)(察)(暗)(访)(,原)(来)(是)(一)(名)(姓)(佘)(的)(部)(下)(在)(袁)(崇)(焕)(死)(后)(寻)(机)(盗)(走)(了)(那)(颗)(头)(颅)(,埋)(葬)(在)(自)(家)(后)(院)(,其)(后)(隐)(姓)(埋)(名)(守)(候)(袁)(将)(军)(的)(亡)(灵)(。这)(位)(被)(后)(世)(称)(为)("佘)(义)(士)("的)(人)(,正)(是)(佘)(幼)(芝)(的)(祖)(先)(。
  佘)(义)(士)(临)(终)(前)(留)(下)(了)(三)(条)(祖)(训)(:一)(、自)(己)(死)(后)(可)(埋)(于)(袁)(大)(将)(军)(一)(侧)(,与)(大)(将)(军)(永)(远)(相)(伴)(;二)(、袁)(大)(将)(军)(为)(国)(家)(而)(无)(后)(代)(,佘)(家)(人)(一)(定)(要)(世)(代)(相)(传)(为)(大)(将)(军)(守)(墓)(,不)(准)(回)(广)(东)(故)(里)(;三)(、佘)(家)(后)(人)(永)(远)(不)(许)(为)(官)(但)(必)(须)(读)(书)(,读)(书)(可)(知)(史)(,可)(明)(礼)(。
  300多)(年)(过)(去)(,佘)(家)(人)(一)(直)(恪)(守)(祖)(训)(,不)(问)(政)(事)(,为)(袁)(大)(将)(军)(守)(墓)(。
  为)(修)(复)(袁)(崇)(焕)(墓)(四)(处)(奔)(走)(
  佘)(幼)(芝)(从)(没)(想)(过)(自)(己)(会)(扛)(起)(家)(族)(使)(命)(,成)(为)(佘)(家)(守)(墓)(的)(接)(班)(人)(。
  在)(她)(之)(前)(,佘)(家)(世)(代)(守)(墓)(的)(都)(是)(男)(丁)(。直)(到)("文)(革)("期)(间)(,袁)(崇)(焕)(祠)(墓)(被)(破)(坏)(,堂)(兄)(一)(家)(搬)(走)(,她)(才)(以)(孱)(弱)(的)(肩)(膀)(撑)(起)(这)(份)(家)(族)(事)(业)(。
  当)(时)(,袁)(崇)(焕)(祠)(变)(成)(了)(一)(个)(大)(杂)(院)(,19户)(居)(民)(陆)(续)(迁)(入)(,佘)(幼)(芝)(一)(家)(被)(挤)(到)(西)(边)(不)(足)(10平)(方)(米)(的)(小)(屋)(。那)(本)(是)(她)(家)(的)(羊)(圈)(,却)(成)(了)(她)(的)(安)(身)(之)(所)(。
  "文)(革)("结)(束)(后)(,面)(对)(着)(残)(破)(的)(墓)(祠)(,佘)(幼)(芝)(发)(誓)(不)(能)(让)(先)(祖)(传)(下)(来)(的)(事)(业)(就)(这)(样)(无)(声)(无)(息)(地)(结)(束)(。1978年)(起)(,为)(了)(恢)(复)(袁)(崇)(焕)(祠)(墓)(,她)(开)(始)(四)(处)(奔)(走)(。
  为)(此)(,她)(的)(双)(腿)(积)(劳)(成)(疾)(并)(落)(下)(了)(终)(身)(的)(病)(根)(;她)(放)(弃)(了)(一)(次)(次)(可)(以)(离)(开)(这)(间)(简)(陋)(平)(房)(去)(住)(宽)(敞)(楼)(房)(的)(机)(会)(;她)(得)(了)(一)(个)("佘)(疯)(子)("的)(绰)(号)(;她)(还)(差)(点)(与)(丈)(夫)(离)(婚)(……
  当)(时)(,佘)(幼)(芝)(家)(房)(子)(后)(面)(就)(是)(五)(十)(九)(中)(学)(的)(锅)(炉)(房)(和)(食)(堂)(。锅)(炉)(房)(的)(烟)(囱)(因)(为)(腐)(烂)(,倒)(下)(来)(两)(回)(。"一)(次)(把)(房)(楹)(砸)(断)(了)(,还)(有)(一)(次)(下)(雨)(连)(家)(里)(的)(床)(板)(都)(被)(砸)(坏)(了)(。最)(可)(怕)(的)(是)(,有)(八)(九)(个)(大)(煤)(气)(缸)(与)(我)(们)(一)(墙)(之)(隔)(。万)(一)(爆)(炸)(,我)(们)(一)(家)(就)(完)(了)(!"回)(想)(起)(当)(初)(的)(生)(活)(,佘)(幼)(芝)(的)(丈)(夫)(焦)(立)(江)(仍)(有)(些)(后)(怕)(。
  最)(终)(,焦)(立)(江)(决)(定)(搬)(家)(。"孟)(母)(还)(三)(迁)(呢)(,孩)(子)(还)(小)(,这)(环)(境)(根)(本)(没)(办)(法)(生)(活)(。"他)(先)(后)(在)(万)(寿)(路)(、劲)(松)(等)(地)(找)(了)(好)(几)(处)(房)(子)(,可)(佘)(幼)(芝)(都)(不)(满)(意)(。
  两)(人)(为)(此)(经)(常)(吵)(架)(,后)(来)(连)(分)(家)(单)(都)(写)(好)(了)(。
  曾)(被)(说)("你)(不)(就)(是)(个)(看)(坟)(的)("
  "我)(开)(始)(不)(理)(解)(,不)(知)(道)(一)(个)(老)(太)(太)(东)(奔)(西)(走)(图)(个)(什)(么)(。后)(来)(,我)(看)(到)(很)(多)(人)(跑)(来)(拜)(访)(她)(,听)(她)(讲)(关)(于)(袁)(崇)(焕)(的)(英)(雄)(事)(迹)(,得)(知)(佘)(家)(守)(墓)(的)(事)(很)(不)(容)(易)(,我)(慢)(慢)(对)(这)(个)(事)(很)(敬)(重)(,并)(帮)(她)(写)(材)(料)(。"焦)(立)(江)(说)(。
  当)(时)(,许)(多)(人)(都)(叫)(佘)(幼)(芝)("佘)(疯)(子)("。单)(位)(里)(的)(人)(说)(她)(:"你)(就)(是)(个)(大)(傻)(子)(,你)(总)(是)(给)(袁)(崇)(焕)(跑)(这)(事)(儿)(,袁)(崇)(焕)(能)(给)(你)(大)(彩)(电)(,给)(你)(发)(工)(资)(吗)(?你)(不)(就)(是)(个)(看)(坟)(的)(……"
  "我)(那)(时)(候)(总)(在)(想)(,我)(的)(先)(祖)(冒)(着)(被)(诛)(九)(族)(的)(危)(险)(去)(盗)(袁)(大)(将)(军)(的)(头)(,那)(么)(大)(的)(困)(难)(我)(先)(祖)(都)(不)(怕)(,更)(何)(况)(袁)(大)(将)(军)(是)(为)(了)(国)(家)(、为)(了)(民)(族)(的)(大)(义)(,我)(这)(点)(困)(难)(算)(什)(么)(?"佘)(幼)(芝)(说)(,谁)(也)(不)(相)(信)(袁)(崇)(焕)(祠)(能)(修)(复)(,只)(有)(她)(一)(个)(人)(坚)(信)(。
  佘)(幼)(芝)(跑)(遍)(了)(所)(有)(她)(认)(为)(有)(点)(关)(联)(的)(单)(位)(。24年)(的)(奔)(走)(呼)(吁)(终)(于)(换)(来)(了)(回)(报)(,1992年)(,北)(京)(市)(有)(关)(部)(门)(对)(袁)(崇)(焕)(墓)(进)(行)(了)(修)(缮)(;2002年)(,袁)(崇)(焕)(祠)(修)(葺)(一)(新)(后)(正)(式)(对)(外)(开)(放)(。
  因)(文)(保)(单)(位)(中)(不)(能)(用)(明)(火)(,袁)(祠)(开)(放)(同)(年)(,佘)(幼)(芝)(一)(家)(从)(住)(了)(近)(400年)(的)(佘)(家)(小)(院)(搬)(离)(,并)(被)(政)(府)(聘)(为)(终)(身)(荣)(誉)(顾)(问)(,还)(有)(了)(专)(门)(的)(办)(公)(室)(。
  有)(人)(道)(喜)(才)(想)(起)(女)(儿)(当)(天)(出)(嫁)(
  佘)(幼)(芝)(多)(年)(的)(夙)(愿)(实)(现)(了)(,焦)(立)(江)(还)(用)(拆)(迁)(款)(买)(了)(一)(套)(新)(房)(,可)(佘)(幼)(芝)(十)(年)(来)(从)(没)(去)(住)(过)(一)(天)(,而)(是)(一)(直)(住)(在)(女)(儿)(家)(:"每)(次)(去)(那)(儿)(,我)(就)(会)(想)(到)(袁)(祠)(,勾)(起)(我)(的)(伤)(心)(事)(。"
  "守)(墓)(是)(什)(么)(?是)(形)(影)(不)(离)(,是)(把)(亡)(人)(这)(种)(精)(神)(宣)(传)(给)(国)(人)(,这)(才)(是)(守)(墓)(。"佘)(幼)(芝)(说)(,守)(墓)(是)(她)(最)(后)(的)(使)(命)(、遗)(产)(。
  至)(今)(,别)(人)(问)(佘)(幼)(芝)(家)(住)(哪)(儿)(,她)(还)(是)(会)(下)(意)(识)(地)(回)(答)(,自)(己)(住)(在)(佘)(家)(馆)(--袁)(崇)(焕)(祠)(。
  许)(多)(媒)(体)(前)(来)(采)(访)(,采)(访)(中)(,忙)(于)(袁)(祠)(的)(夫)(妇)(俩)(却)(发)(现)(忽)(略)(了)(自)(己)(的)(儿)(女)(。
  "我)(们)(以)(前)(从)(没)(想)(到)(过)(孩)(子)(的)(感)(受)(,后)(来)(在)(电)(视)(上)(看)(到)(儿)(子)(、女)(儿)(接)(受)(采)(访)(,才)(知)(道)(他)(们)(这)(么)(多)(年)(对)(我)(们)(有)(很)(多)(怨)(言)(。"焦)(立)(江)(很)(难)(过)(地)(说)(。
  在)(儿)(女)(小)(时)(候)(,佘)(幼)(芝)(夫)(妇)(每)(天)(都)(忙)(于)(工)(作)(和)(为)(袁)(将)(军)(祠)(的)(修)(复)(,即)(使)(在)(周)(末)(也)(没)(有)(时)(间)(陪)(着)(孩)(子)(。"每)(天)(我)(们)(出)(门)(,就)(把)(两)(个)(孩)(子)(锁)(在)(家)(里)(,他)(们)(一)(直)(到)(搬)(离)(袁)(祠)(,都)(不)(认)(识)(街)(坊)(的)(孩)(子)(,别)(人)(也)(不)(认)(识)(他)(们)(。"佘)(幼)(芝)(回)(忆)(道)(。
  1990年)(9月)(27日)(,佘)(幼)(芝)(的)(女)(儿)(焦)(颖)(即)(将)(结)(婚)(,当)(天)(她)(的)(婆)(家)(人)(要)(来)(和)(亲)(家)(见)(面)(。同)(时)(,袁)(氏)(宗)(亲)(会)(的)(两)(对)(夫)(妇)(也)(要)(来)(拜)(访)(佘)(幼)(芝)(。
  原)(本)(焦)(颖)(应)(该)(去)(车)(站)(接)(婆)(婆)(一)(家)(人)(,但)(佘)(幼)(芝)(没)(有)(同)(意)(:"因)(为)(袁)(氏)(宗)(亲)(会)(的)(人)(要)(来)(,她)(得)(帮)(我)(招)(待)(,所)(以)(我)(没)(让)(她)(去)(,让)(姑)(爷)(去)(接)(站)(。"
  袁)(氏)(宗)(亲)(会)(的)(人)(来)(的)(时)(间)(比)(预)(计)(晚)(了)(两)(个)(小)(时)(,等)(他)(们)(走)(了)(,焦)(颖)(婆)(婆)(一)(家)(人)(一)(直)(在)(门)(外)(坐)(着)(,连)(屋)(都)(没)(进)(。
  9月)(30日)(,焦)(颖)(结)(婚)(,直)(到)(有)(人)(进)(屋)(道)(喜)(,焦)(立)(江)("才)(想)(起)(来)(原)(来)(我)(女)(儿)(今)(天)(结)(婚)("。
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